"A Clockwork Orange" is easily prolific author Anthony Burgess's most famous novel and one that he wrote based on a painful, personal incident. Despite rumors to the contrary, Burgess didn't hate Kubrick's film version but thought it was a masterpiece from a genius director.
In an interview, Stanley Kubrick explained that free will was the film's central theme. The movie’s title refers to a person who looks organic but is "only a clockwork toy to be wound up by the God or the Devil."
There was concern that the film would lead to an uptick in copycat violence. Kubrick was forced to defend allegations, saying, "I know there are well-intentioned people who sincerely believe that films and TV contribute to violence, but almost all of the official studies of this question have concluded that there is no evidence to support the view.”