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Home Improvement: 18 Facts About The Tim Allen Series

Few people in the entertainment industry of the '90s had "more power" than Tim Allen. In addition to a thriving comedy career and roles in movies like "The Santa Clause," "Galaxy Quest," and "Toy Story," he starred on ABC's "Home Improvement," one of the most-watched TV shows of the decade. 

Based on a major element of his comedy act — that men were still essentially ill-equipped cavemen and had evolved only enough to enjoy power tools — Allen played Tim "The Tool Man" Taylor, a bumbling husband and father and host of "Tool Time," a Michigan-based home improvement show which invariably ended with him breaking something. Here's a look behind the scenes of ABC's eight-season smash. [Insert joyful grunting sound here.]

You can (almost) call him Al

Character actor, podcaster, and all-around raconteur Stephen Tobolowsky doesn't seem like the kind of guy who'd play second fiddle on a goofy network sitcom. But the witty star, best known for memorable roles in "Groundhog Day" (obnoxious insurance salesman Ned Ryerson) and "Silicon Valley" (tech CEO "Action" Jack  Barker), could have had a long-lasting regular gig on "Home Improvement" if he'd wanted it. 

Tobolowsky auditioned for and won the role of Al Borland, Tim Taylor's long-suffering, extra-competent Tool Time assistant. He told Splitsider that he had no choice but to walk away because producers weren't sure when they were going to start taping episodes — it wasn't yet clear if it was going to be a midseason replacement to air in early 1991, or be part of ABC's fall lineup in September. While the pay was good — "$16,000 a show," a "princely" sum for Tobolowsky — he balked at having an exclusive contract. 

"I couldn't do any other work, any other shows, which is normal on a regular show," he recalled. "But my wife was pregnant, we had a baby coming. I had auditioned for a couple of movies and was waiting on them, and they said I couldn't do movies." Rather than risk being broke for months, Tobolowsky parted ways with "Home Improvement."

Ashley Judd needs no Improvement

Pamela Anderson's high-profile career really started when she played Lisa, the "Tool Girl" on "Tool Time," the show-within-a-show on "Home Improvement." Also trying out for the part: award-winning star, activist, and potential senatorial candidate Ashley Judd. When she auditioned for show creator Matt Williams, he thought she was "so talented" — even too talented for the somewhat thankless, eye-candy role of Lisa. 

Williams called Judd's agent and said that while she didn't get the part, he was going to create a character just for her: Tim Taylor's sister. A couple of days later, Judd's agent called Williams and told him Judd was no longer interested and that she wanted to focus on landing roles in movies, not TV shows. (Or at least not on that TV show — a few months later, Judd was cast on the NBC drama "Sisters.")

A tale of two Jills

Patricia Richardson wasn't the first actress to play the role of Tim Taylor's extraordinarily patient wife, Jill: Veteran character actress Frances Fisher (probably best known for portraying Ruth Dewitt Bukater in "Titanic") originally landed the role, and played Jill in the "Home Improvement" pilot episode. 

While the pilot was successful enough to get the show on ABC's schedule, test audiences had a major problem: They didn't like Fisher. With not much time to spare before production started, the showrunners replaced Fisher with Richardson, even though it wasn't ideal timing. "I had just given birth to two babies, and I really was supposed to do another show for ABC," Richardson told HuffPost Live. "And that was supposed to happen nine months later, so I was going to have all this time to lose the weight, and go be with my babies and work." Richardson warned producers that there might be delays on taping days while she nursed her twins — but they wanted her so much that they didn't care.

Chappelle's (first) Show

A slight family sitcom about a guy who grunts and causes accidents doesn't seem like the vehicle to propel the career of one of the most thoughtful and incendiary comedians of all time, but it did. On a 1995 episode of "Home Improvement," Tim Taylor's "Tool Time" descended, as it often did, into a discussion about how marriage can be tough. Tim asked if anyone in the studio audience had, like him, been tricked into a fight with their significant other. Two guys named "Dave" and "Jim" could relate, and Tim pulled them up on stage. As Dave, Chappelle lit up the screen, so impressing ABC executives that they commissioned a show about Dave and Jim (Jim Breuer) called "Buddies." It debuted in 1996, with some changes — notably Breuer was gone, replaced by Christopher Gartin as "John." Only five episodes of "Buddies" aired before it was canceled, but primetime network TV exposure certainly didn't hurt Chappelle's career.

Tool Time meets game time

Lots of TV shows have been adapted into video games, such as "24," "Game of Thrones," and "The Walking Dead." Those are action-heavy shows — turning them into games make sense. Needless to say, not too many sitcoms have been ported to consoles, because it's just a bizarre notion. But "Home Improvement" was so popular in the early '90s, especially with kids, that "Home Improvement: Power Tool Pursuit" for the Super Nintendo Entertainment System is an actual thing that came out in 1994. 

The plot: A new line of power tools by "Tool Time" sponsor Binford Tools has been stolen right before Tim Taylor is supposed to unveil them on the air. Tim goes on a quest in search of the tools, using other power tools (like a nail gun, chainsaw, blowtorch, etc.) to defeat enemies like dinosaurs, mummies, and robots which definitely weren't a part of the average "Home Improvement" episode. The game is also notable for being remarkably on-brand: While the show often touted the dumb, macho, off-the-cuff ways that "real men" should act, the game's "manual" consisted entirely of the message "Real men don't need instructions."

An Emmy snafu

Here's a small secret of the Emmy Awards: Performers on TV shows must submit their own names for consideration to the National Academy of Television Arts and Sciences. Anytime an Emmy nominee says it's "a thrill just to be nominated," that isn't quite true — by even participating in the process, they actively campaigned to win that trophy. 

"Home Improvement" was Allen's first major series role, and he didn't know how the Emmys worked at first. When Emmy nominations were released in the summer of 1992, after Home the show's first season, Allen wasn't snubbed for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series — he just hadn't submitted his paperwork. After somebody told him the rules, Allen made sure to get his name to the NATAS on time the next year. He personally delivered his application to the Academy, with the USC marching band leading the way.

Clinton's cameo

Home Improvement was one of the most-watched TV shows on the air in the '90s, and it attracted some very high-profile cameos. Legendary NFL quarterback John Elway, boxer George Foreman, Jay Leno, the Beach Boys, Oprah Winfrey, Mario Andretti, and Rodney Dangerfield, among others, made appearances. One "celebrity" that never made it: First Lady and future senator, Secretary of State, and presidential candidate Hillary Clinton. 

Among a cache of unsealed White House documents released in 2014 was a memo from the First Lady's press secretary, Lisa Caputo, to the First Lady's chief of staff, Maggie Williams, discussing an offer from "Home Improvement" producers to have Clinton stop by. "Home Improvement is the most popular television show on the air," Caputo wrote. "They are willing to do a show on women, children, and family issues or a show on whatever issues Hillary would like." Caputo added that the cameo "would present Hillary in a very likable light I believe." The appearance never came to fruition.

Tool Time meets jail time

Before he became an enormously successful entertainer, Tim Allen was a criminal. In 1978, Allen was caught with a large amount of cocaine, and convicted of drug trafficking charges. He served two years in federal prison, then turned his life around with stand-up comedy. That darkness was seemingly behind him until 1997, when he was arrested near his suburban Detroit home. Driving a Ferrari at 70 mph in a 40-mph zone with a 0.15 blood alcohol level is quite illegal, and Allen pleaded guilty to drunk driving. 

"I had two Miller Lites on the golf course," Allen told the judge. Then, "while my wife was having her head attended to — somebody hit her with a golf ball or a golf club and she was bleeding," Allen said he hit up the bar for "a vodka and orange juice." And then, Allen said, "we went up to dinner and I had two more, and that did it." In April of 1998, just after shooting ended on the seventh season of "Home Improvement," Allen voluntarily checked himself into a rehabilitation facility, which the court ordered he attend as part of his sentence.

Whither JTT?

"Home Improvement" played to a lot of different demographics. Adult fans loved Tim Allen's destructive antics, while many tween girls tuned in for Jonathan Taylor Thomas. Of the three young actors playing the Taylor kids, JTT is the one who became the major teen idol, his face often appearing on the cover of magazines like Bop! as well as countless bedroom posters. Despite all that, Thomas left the series in 1998. 

"I'd been going nonstop since I was eight years old," Thomas told People. "I wanted to go to school, to travel, and have a bit of a break." He enrolled at Harvard, studying philosophy and history...but he also acted in a couple of movies. That didn't sit well with Allen, who mentioned to TV Guide (Via E!) that he told Thomas, who returned to shoot a Christmas episode in late 1998, that he was "confused" as to why the young star had left. 

"He said it was about going to school, but then he did some films," Allen said. "Did he want to do films? Did he want to go to school? ... I don't think he liked that." The rift was so bad that Thomas opted not to return for the Home Improvement series finale in 1999, but Thomas and Allen must have patched things up at some point: Thomas guested on four episodes of Allen's sitcom, "Last Man Standing," and he also directed three episodes.

The season that never was

"Home Improvement" wrapped up after eight successful seasons in 1999 — a decision made by the cast and crew rather than ABC. While he grew sentimental and upset as the finale neared — at one point confessing to a group of TV critics, "This is really, really difficult for me ... I don't want this to end" — he also regretted not ending the show a year earlier, when the show was still a top-five ratings hit. In its final season, it fell to 11th place in the Nielsen ratings, but, ABC wanted to go even longer, reportedly offering Allen a tremendous $50 million — and Patricia Richardson $25 million — to return for the 1999-2000 season. Somehow, Allen and Richardson managed to leave that money on the table.

Tool Time required some retooling

On "Home Improvement," the only place where befuddled husband and father Tim Taylor felt comfortable on his repair show "Tool Time." Like "Home Improvement," "Tool Time" featured a studio audience. According to the Los Angeles Daily News (via Deseret News), the audience watching "Tool Time" were some of the in-studio viewers of "Home Improvement." This made a "Home Improvement" taping one of the hottest tickets in TV in the 1990s.

According to D23, when "Home Improvement" was in development, Tim's TV show was originally called "Hammer Time." Around the same time, rapper M.C. Hammer scored a hit with the song "U Can't Touch This," which featured the performer uttering his catchphrase, "Stop — Hammer time." With M.C. Hammer unofficially owning the phrase "Hammer Time" in the public sphere, "Home Improvement" producers had to change the name of their fictional TV series, and they settled on "Tool Time." 

A division of Disney produced the show, and they looked into potential problems over another "Tool Time" celebrity connection. At-work Tim was essentially an incompetent riff on Bob Vila, host of public television's DIY show "This Old House." Assistant Al (Richard Karn), with his penchant for plaid shirts, resembled Vila's cohost Norm Abram. "The Disney people contacted me before 'Home Improvement' premiered," Vila told Boston Magazine. "I think there was some concern in the legal department about whether I was being ripped off."

How Home Improvement wore its Michigan pride

At home, Tim Taylor almost exclusively dressed casually, wearing sweatshirts and T-shirts that more often than not bore the name of a university or sports team from Michigan. That's where Tim Allen was raised, and where he started his professional career — performing standup in Detroit comedy clubs, according to the Los Angeles Times. Additionally, since "Home Improvement" was supposed to be loosely based on Allen's life and act, it took place in the Detroit area.

Outside of Allen's personal connection to Michigan, the costuming choice became an act of convenience. Keen-eyed viewers figured out that Allen was often spotted in Michigan sports and collegiate wear and saved the production even more time and money by sending in shirts for Tim Taylor to wear on air. According to Tim Allen's website, schools in Michigan could send in merch, and Allen would wear it on the show.

The Taylor boys' ages are different in real life

Most of the at-home scenes on "Home Improvement" concerned Tim Taylor's relationships with his three sons — aggressive oldest child Brad, wily middle kid Randy, and innocent Mark, the baby of the family. Zachery Ty Bryan and Jonathan Taylor Thomas portrayed the two oldest Taylor boys throughout the show's run, as the characters forever jockeyed for position as the dominant child in the family and often engaged in hostile acts of sibling rivalry. 

In the series, the brothers are said to be a little over a year apart in age, with Brad the eldest. In reality, the actor playing the younger brother was actually older than the guy who played the older brother. Bryan landed the role of Brad at age 10, born in October 1981, while Thomas was cast as Mark at age 10, also, born in September 1981. Thomas is 31 days older than his costar.

Pamela Anderson accused Tim Allen on flashing her on set

Canadian model and "Playboy" star Pamela Anderson got her big break in the American entertainment industry when she landed the role of "Lisa the Tool Girl," assistant to Tim Taylor and Al Borland on "Tool Time," the show-within-a-show on "Home Improvement." Production on the series began in April 1991, and on the first day of shooting, as Anderson wrote in her memoir "Love, Pamela" (via Variety), she encountered Allen hanging out in a studio hallway wearing only a bathrobe. "He opened his robe and flashed me quickly — completely naked underneath," Anderson alleged. "He said it was only fair, because he had seen me naked." Anderson said she responded to the act with uncomfortable laughter.

When the story broke in 2023, Allen responded with a statement to Variety. "No, it never happened," he said. "I would never do such a thing."

The lost and found episode of Home Improvement

"Home Improvement" aired to big ratings on ABC for eight seasons, from 1991 to 1999. In total, the series churned out 203 total episodes, although only 202 of them made their TV debut during ABC's primetime schedule. During production of the comedy's fifth season in 1995, "Home Improvement" cast and crew made an episode called "Tanks for the Memories." The plot found Tim, at the behest of a friend in the Marines, participate in a massive tank racing competition. 

"Tanks for the Memories" would eventually air on ABC in January 1996, more than four months after it premiered on hundreds of local TV stations. According to Ad Age, "Tanks for the Memories" was produced specifically for the syndicated rerun market — when individual TV stations purchase episodes of a hit sitcom to run them in non-primetime hours multiple days a week. The special, previously unaired episode served as an attention-getting syndication debut for "Home Improvement."

The creators unsuccessfully sued Disney over unpaid profits.

"Home Improvement" was sold into syndication in 1993, per Variety, meaning that its producers and distributors inside the Walt Disney Company made many millions of dollars when reruns of the sitcom aired in the early evenings five days a week on hundreds of TV stations. "Home Improvement" creators Matt Williams, Carmen Finestra, and David McFadzean asserted that they didn't receive the compensation to which they were entitled after that big rerun sale occurred. According to The Hollywood Reporter, the creators filed a lawsuit against Disney in 2013, alleging that the company's TV subsidiary, Buena Vista TV, sold the show to affiliates in New York and other places for significantly less than its market value and didn't consult them, as was outlined in their contracts.

The courts ultimately sided with Disney, which, despite not participating in audit and accounting attempts, wasn't liable to pay Williams, Finestra, and McFadzean any more than they'd already been paid. So much time had passed since the time of the rerun sale that the lawsuit arrived too late.

The construction sites were real on Home Improvement

Every now and then, "Home Improvement" would leave the confines of its soundstage on The Walt Disney Studios lot in Burbank, California, and tape out in the real world. The show did this primarily to stage massive set pieces for "Tool Time," the DIY home improvement show hosted by Tim Allen's character. The scripts for these on-location scenes found Tim Taylor surveying or advising on big construction projects, and the "Home Improvement" production found actual half-built structures to play around in. 

They didn't have to look very far — according to D23, the sites depicted on the Season Three episode "Dollars and Sense" and the Season Four installment "Don't Tell Mamma" showed buildings going up the Walt Disney Studios lot, just outside the "Home Improvement" studios. The in-progress building on "Dollars and Sense" would eventually become the Roy E. Disney Animation Building, and on "Don't Tell Mamma" it was some backlot construction.

There's been talk of a Home Improvement revival

In the late 2010s and early 2020s, the TV world got on a reboot kick, reviving or continuing popular shows from two decades prior, including "Will and Grace," "Roseanne," "Full House," "Twin Peaks," "Charmed," and "Boy Meets World." One notable absence from that list: "Home Improvement," one of the most-watched shows on TV for its 1991 to 1999 original run. Some overtures and nods toward a reboot were made — "Home Improvement" stars Richard Karn, Patricia Richardson, and Jonathan Taylor Thomas all popped up on episodes of Tim Allen's hit successor sitcom "Last Man Standing."

"I still talk to everybody involved," Allen told TVLine in 2020. "The question I have is, 'Is it still relevant?'" If the answer to that rhetorical question were a yes, Allen would be game for a revival, but with certain parameters. "I like the idea of doing it as a one-off, like a one-hour movie," he said. But until that can happen, "Last Man Standing" presented a small reboot in the form of a crossover. In a 2021 episode of that series, Tim Taylor from "Home Improvement" sees his TV show "Tool Time" get canceled, and so he takes a job at sponsor Binford Tools and meets "Last Man Standing" lead character Mike Baxter.